Syllabus
Introduction to Surgical Technology

Introduction to Surgical Technology

SRGT-1505

Fall 2010
08/23/2010 - 12/12/2010

Course Information

Section 001
Lecture
MTWF 8:00AM - 9:00AM
EVC8 8101
Pedro Barrera
pbarrera@austincc.edu
(512) 223.5801

Section 001
Lecture
MTWF 8:00AM - 9:00AM
EVC8 8101
Kathleen Cook
kcook1@austincc.edu
(512) 223.0238

Section 001
Lecture
MTWF 8:00AM - 9:00AM
EVC8 8101
Michele Richards
mrich@austincc.edu
(512) 223.5803

Section 001
Laboratory
MTW 9:00AM - 10:00AM
EVC8 8101
Kathleen Cook
kcook1@austincc.edu
(512) 223.0238

Section 001
Laboratory
MTW 9:00AM - 10:00AM
EVC8 8101
Pedro Barrera
pbarrera@austincc.edu
(512) 223.5801

Section 001
Laboratory
MTW 9:00AM - 10:00AM
EVC8 8101
Michele Richards
mrich@austincc.edu
(512) 223.5803

Office Hours

No office hours have been entered for this term.

Course Requirements

The focus of this course is on the fundamentals of surgical technology.  The practices associated with aseptic technique and working within the sterile field are of particular importance.  Orientation to surgical technology theory, surgical pharmacology and anesthesia, and patient care concepts are included in the focus of this course. 

Readings

 

Required:

Phillips, Nancymarie.   Berry and Kohn’s Operating Room Technique (11th ed.)

Recommended:

F.A Davis.  Taber’s Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary.

Tighe, S.    Instrumentation for the Operating Room.

Course Subjects

 History of Surgery                                              Healthcare Facilities and Organizations

Job Descriptions and Team Roles                OR Physical Environment 

Case Cart and OR prep                                    Cultural Diversity

Ethical / Legal                                                     The surgical patient

Interpersonal Skills                                           Periop stages and Procedures

Patient Identification and transport                Role of Circulator and Scrub

Syringes                                                              OR Bed

Positioning                                                          Standard Precautions and other concerns 

Prepping                                                              Procedural and Post-op Routines

Urinary Catheterization                                     Hemostasis

Blood Replacement                                          Vital Signs

Anesthesia                                                          Surgical Pharmacology

Malignant Hyperthermia                                   Packs, Drains, Dressings

Specimens                                                          Shock

Student Learning Outcomes/Learning Objectives

 History of Surgery

Desired Outcome

The learner will identify how modern surgery evolved from the dark ages.

Performance Objectives

  1. Identify key events and historical figures contributing to the development of modern surgery
  2. Provide a general description of modern surgery.

 Healthcare Facilities and Organizations 

Desired Outcome

The student will identify the different types of health care facilities. 

The student will outline a typical administrative structure for surgical services.

Performance Objectives

  1. Identify and define the various types of health care facilities.
  2. Discuss the organizational chart for the operating room

 Job Description and Team Roles

Desired Outcomes

The student will identify and differentiate the various roles in surgery.

Performance Objectives

  1. Describe the AST job description for a surgical technologist.
  2. Identify members and state the role of each surgical team member.

 O.R. Physical Environment 

Desired Outcome

The learner will be able to describe and discuss the physical layout of the surgery suite.

Performance Objectives

  1. Describe the layout of a typical O.R.
  2. Identify “piped-in” systems in the O.R.
  3. Identify the proper ranges for temperature and humidity in the O.R.

Surgical Patient; Ethical and Legal Issues

Desired Outcome

The learner will identify and define Ethics and other legal terms.

Performance Objectives

  1. Define ethics and morality.
  2. Identify and discuss O.R. situations that could result in ethical conflict.

 Perioperative Stages and Procedures

Desired Outcomes

The learner will be able to assist in the perioperative checking of the patient and chart.

The learner will understand the paperwork and laboratory tests included.

Performance Objectives

  1. Identify the perioperative phases of patient care.
  2. Describe the basic tasks relative to each phase.
  3. Identify common diagnostic procedures.
  4. State appropriate use of common diagnostic procedures.
  5. Identify diagnostic procedures used in the O.R.
  6. Discuss content and legalities pertaining to the surgical consent.

Patient Identification and Transportation

Desired Outcomes

The learner will describe the identification process for surgical patients.

The learner will identify, describe, and demonstrate the principles of transportation of the surgical patient.

Performance Objectives

  1. State the purpose of patient identification.
  2. Demonstrate the identification process for a surgical patient admitted to the surgical suite.
  3. Identify the methods of patient transportation and give examples of the use of each.
  4. Demonstrate the principles of safe transportation of a patient for each method.

The Role of the Circulator

Desired Outcomes

The learner will describe the application of thermoregulatory devices.

The learner will discuss the importance of documentation.

Performance Objectives

  1. Identify types, and indications for, of thermoregulatory devices
  2. Identify the proper language for documentation.

O.R. Bed

Desired Outcome

The learner will be able to identify and operate the functions of the O.R. bed.

The learner will identify the names and functions of various types of accessory

equipment and demonstrate care, handling, and assembly.

Performance Objectives

  1. Name and explain the functions of common types of accessory surgical equipment.
  2. Demonstrate placement of the necessary appliances and preparation of each device for use.
  3. Identify the positioning aids commonly used with the O.R. bed.
  4. Describe the procedure for altering the bed positions.

Positioning

Desired Outcomes

The learner will discuss surgical positions as it correlates with surgical procedures.

The learner will discuss aids necessary in positioning.

The learner will discuss considerations for each position.

The learner will be able to position patient for surgical procedure

Performance Objectives

  1. Demonstrate the proper position for the various surgical positions.
  2. Identify positioning aids and their proper applications.
  3. Identify considerations for each surgical position.

Standard Precautions

Desired Outcomes

The learner will be able to identify proper precautions relating to disease process.

The learner will identify common concerns for the operating room.

Performance Objectives

  1. Define pathogens.
  2. Discuss HIV, AIDS, TB, HepB, and STD’s.
  3. Identify precautions taken routinely.
  4. Identify special precautions taken for specific disease processes.
  5. Identify common safety concerns for the operating room.

  Prepping

Desired Outcome

The learner will be able to prepare the operative site for surgery.

Performance Objectives

  1. State the purpose of skin preparation.
  2. Identity time and place for surgical prep.
  3. Describe and demonstrate a surgical prep.

Urinary Catheterization

Desired Outcomes

The learner will explain the principles of urinary catheterization and demonstrate the

procedure.

Performance Objectives

  1. List indications for urinary catheterization.
  2. Identification of equipment necessary.
  3. Compare, contrast and perform male and female catheterization.

 Hemostasis and Blood Replacement

Desired Outcome

The learner will discuss methods of hemostasis and blood replacement and will

demonstrate the preparation and use of appropriate agents/devices.

Performance Objectives

  1. Define hemostasis.
  2. Demonstrate handling of hemostatic agents.
  3. Describe ways that blood loss is monitored.
  4. Discuss ways of achieving hemostasis.
  5. Discuss autotransfusion and related terminology.
  6. Identify various blood products available.

Shock

Desired Outcome

The learner will be able to identify and discuss the various types of shock.

Performance Objectives

  1. Define “shock”.
  2. Identify complications that arise from shock.
  3. Define the various types of shock.
  4. Discuss symptoms of shock.
  5. Identify management procedures for shock.

Anesthesia and Surgical Pharmacology

Desired Outcomes

The learner will be able to discuss the various types of anesthetic approaches, including advantages and disadvantages of each.

Performance Objectives

  1. Identify the various types of anesthetic approaches.
  2. Identify the selection factors and correlate the surgical procedure to the anesthetic approach.

Malignant Hyperthermia

Desired Outcome

The learner will be able to identify a malignant hyperthermia crisis.

Performance Objectives

  1. Define malignant hyperthermia.
  2. Discuss the symptoms of MH.
  3. Identity actions taken upon diagnosis of MH crisis.

Interpersonal Skills

Desired Outcomes

The learner will compare and contrast verbal and non-verbal communication.

The learner will define and discuss teamwork.

The learner will define and discuss surgical conscious and O.R. etiquette.

Performance Objectives

  1. Define communication.
  2. Define language.
  3. Discuss perception.
  4. Identify team members in a “team”.
  5. Define surgical conscious.
  6. Describe O.R. etiquette.

Packs, Drains, Dressings and Specimens

Desired Outcome

The learner will be able to assist/perform application of packing, drains/reservoirs, and dressings.

The learner will be able to care for the surgical specimen appropriately.

Performance Objectives

  1. Name the various types of packs, drains/reservoirs, and dressing supplies.
  2. Demonstrate the care of these items.
  3. Demonstrate application of these items.
  4. Identify the various types of specimens.
  5. Identify care of the various types of specimens.

Vital Signs

Desired Outcomes

The learner will accurately assess and document vital signs.

Performance Objectives

  1. Define blood pressure and identify normal values for blood pressure.
  2. Identify pulse points and the normal values for pulse rate.
  3. Identify means of assessing respiration rate and the normal values for respiration rate.