Syllabus
Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology

Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology

BIOL-2404

Spring 2013
01/14/2013 - 05/12/2013

Course Information

Section 015
Lecture
TTh 9:00AM - 10:20AM
PIN1 710
Charles Wayne
cwayne@austincc.edu
(512) 223.8211

Section 015
Laboratory
TTh 10:30AM - 11:50AM
PIN1 701
Charles Wayne
cwayne@austincc.edu
(512) 223.8211

Office Hours

  • M
    2:00 - 3:00
  • M
    5:00PM - 6:00PM
    Pinnacle
  • T Th
    12:00PM - 1:00PM
  • W
    2:00PM - 3:00PM
  • W
    5:00 - 6:00

Course Requirements

 

 

 

COURSE SYLLABUS

 

BIOL  2404 Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology,  Spring 2013

 

Section

Time

Location

20718-015 Lecture

TTh 9:00am- 10:20am

PIN 710

Lab

TTh

10:30am- 11:50am

 

PIN 701

 

 

 

BIOL 2404 INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY (4-3-3). Introduction to the structure and function of the human body with an emphasis on anatomy. Designed for students in the ACC health science programs.

 

 

Instructional Methodology:  Lecture and lab.

 

Course Rationale:    This course is designed for students entering health professional programs.  It provides a foundation for the clinical topics covered in those courses by requiring mastery of factual material, laboratory techniques, and problem-solving skills

 

 

 

Contacting Instructor:            Charles Wayne                                     Office:            PIN 806

                                                Phone/message:223-8211                        e-mail: cwayne@austincc.edu

                                                Fax:  223-8900                                                website:  www.austincc.edu/cwayne

 

Office Hours:                                    (M 5:00 – 6:00, MW 12:00 – 1:15 PM, PIN 806) (TTh 12:00 – 1:30 PM, PIN                                                             806) and by appointment.

                                               

Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology Plus MasteringA&P with eText -- Access Card Package (6th Edition)                                                           

Textbook: Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, Frederic Martini (Author), Edwin                                                                                     Bartholomew (Author), 6th edition, ISBN-10: 0321786653 | ISBN-13: 978-0321786654

                                                Earlier editions such as the 4th or 5th can also be used.

 

Lab Manual:                           Recommended: A Photographic Atlas for the Anatomy and Physiology                                                                         Laboratory Seventh Edition [Loose Leaf ]    Kent M. Van De Graaff (Author),                                                             David A. Morton (Author), John L. Crawley (Author)  ISBN-10: 0895828758 |                                                             ISBN-13: 978-0895828750  Bring to every lab class. Earlier editions are okay.

 

 

Other:                                      Course Notes (available by download from www.austincc.edu/cwayne )

                                                Calculator that does basic operations and square roots

                                                Safety eyewear that meets Z87.1 standards

                                                Closed-toed shoes for lab classes using chemicals, biohazards or sharps

                                               

Rules and Attendance

 

Your performance depends heavily on your class and lab attendance. Regular attendance will improve your chances for success.  You are responsible for all materials, activities, assignments or announcements covered in class, regardless of your reason for being absent. All materials covered in lectures, textbook, handouts and assigned readings are “fair game” for lecture exams.  The exact dates of exams can be changed to accommodate changes in the syllabus or wishes of the majority of students.   Any changes will be announced ahead of time.  Keep your syllabus updated as changes are made.  There is no excuse for forgetting an important date.

 

Lecture attendance is important but will not be regularly checked or graded but will be informally monitored.  If your percent grade is within 1 point of a letter grade, your final letter grade will be determined by your attendance and participation in lecture and lab.  Experience has proven over and over again that poor attendance results in poor grades!

 

 

Preparation and Study Time

 

The course schedule indicates reading assignments for each lecture and lab period.  You are

expected to read the assigned material before coming to that day’s class or lab. 

If you want to get a good grade in this course, expect to spend about two hours studying and

reading outside of class for every hour in class.  Since you are in class 5 hour per week (lecture and lab) then you should expect to spend at least 10 to 15 hours per week studying and preparing for this class.  The most common cause of poor grades is not being able, or willing, to schedule enough study time outside of class.

 

      

                 

Lecture (70% of course grade)

 

 

There will be 4 - 5, 100 point lecture/lab exams. These tests will include material over the topics from the lecture, textbook, handouts and assigned readings. The exam may include true and false, multiple-choice, essay, fill-in-the-blank and cross-matching types of questions. All exams must be taken.  A final comprehensive exam can be taken to substitute for a test that was missed or to improve one of the tests taken.  The lecture will count for 70% of your grade.

 

Note: the Scantron machine sometimes makes mistakes, particularly when you change an            answer and do not completely erase the other choice. In order to verify these mistakes you must also write the correct answer in the space provided on the question sheet. Challenges to the machine's accuracy will not be accepted if you did not do so. You have until the next class period, after the Scantron is returned, to challenge its accuracy. 

 

 

Extra Credit

 

 

Extra Credit: A total of 10 extra points are possible for the semester: A 5 – 10 page research paper may be written to obtain a maximum of 10 lecture test points. The maximum credit per page is 1 point. The paper must have at least 5 pages. The topic must be approved by the instructor. The requirements for paper are available on Bb.

 

Lab (30% of course grade)

 

 

Lab Tests: There will be 3 - 5 lab tests.  They will be announced and may include short answer, matching, fill-in-the-blank, multiple choice or essay.  Except for the final, the lowest grade will be dropped. If you miss an exam, for any reason, this will count as the one you drop. The lab exams count for 60% of your lab grade.  The lab exams can not be made up.

 

 

Lab Assignments: During the semester there will be approximately 3 - 10 lab assignments to complete.  These consist of a take home lab exercises using Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory simulations. The lab assignments count for 20% of your lab grade.  Lab Assignments are due one week after the assignment is given. 

 

           

Lab Book and Data Sheets: The lab book data sheets and questions should be filled during lab class time and if needed, completed at home.  The lab book will be collected at the end of the semester and will be graded. If it is not turned an Incomplete will be given for the course.  The lab book data sheets count for 20% of your lab grade.  A sample lab book is available in lab class and specific instructions for making your lab book are available in Course Documents, Lab Book, Bb.

 

 

Grading:

            

COURSE GRADE: your grade for this course will be based upon your combined performance in the lecture and lab. Your lecture exam average will constitute 70% of your overall course grade; your laboratory exam average will comprise the remaining 30%.Your approximate grade can be determined at any time using the chart below and the following formula: Current grade = (current             lecture  average x 0.70) + (current lab average x 0.30)

 

Grading

 

                       

                  Final Grade                       Percent                     

 

                        A                                 90 - 100                      

                        B                                   80 - 89                      

                        C                                   70 - 79                      

                        D                                   60 - 69                      

                        F                                    60 and below            

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional Important Information

 

 

Course Policies

 

Attendance/Class Participation

Regular and punctual class and laboratory attendance is expected of all students.  If attendance or compliance with other course policies is unsatisfactory, the instructor may withdraw students from the class.

 

Withdrawal Policy

It is the responsibility of each student to ensure that his or her name is removed from the roll should he or she decide to withdraw from the class.  The instructor does, however, reserve the right to drop a student should he or she feel it is necessary.  If a student decides to withdraw, he or she should also verify that the withdrawal is submitted before the Final Withdrawal Date.  The student is also strongly encouraged to retain their copy of the withdrawal form for their records.

 

Students who enroll for the third or subsequent time in a course taken since Fall, 2002, may be charged a higher tuition rate, for that course.

 

State law permits students to withdraw from no more than six courses during their entire

undergraduate career at Texas public colleges or universities.  With certain exceptions, all course withdrawals automatically count towards this limit.  Details regarding this policy can be found in the ACC college catalog.  The last day to withdraw from a class this semester is Monday, April 22.

 

 

 

Incompletes

An instructor may award a grade of “I” (Incomplete) if a student was unable to complete all of the objectives for the passing grade in a course.  An incomplete grade cannot be carried beyond the established date in the following semester. The completion date is determined by the instructor but may not be later than the final deadline for withdrawal in the subsequent semester.

 

Statement on Scholastic Dishonesty

A student attending ACC assumes responsibility for conduct compatible with the mission of the college as an educational institution.  Students have the responsibility to submit coursework that is the result of their own thought, research, or self-expression.  Students must follow all instructions given by faculty or designated college representatives when taking examinations, placement assessments, tests, quizzes, and evaluations.  Actions constituting scholastic dishonesty include, but are not limited to, plagiarism, cheating, fabrication, collusion, and falsifying documents.    Penalties for scholastic dishonesty will depend upon the nature of the violation and may range from lowering a grade on one assignment to an “F” in the course and/or expulsion from the college.  See the Student Standards of Conduct and Disciplinary Process and other policies at http://www.austincc.edu/current/needtoknow

 
Student Rights and Responsibilities
Students at the college have the rights accorded by the U.S. Constitution to freedom of speech, peaceful assembly, petition, and association. These rights carry with them the responsibility to accord the same rights to others in the college community and not to interfere with or disrupt the educational process. Opportunity for students to examine and question pertinent data and assumptions of a given discipline, guided by the evidence of scholarly research, is appropriate in a learning environment. This concept is accompanied by an equally demanding concept of responsibility on the part of the student. As willing partners in learning, students must comply with college rules and procedures.
 
Statement on Students with Disabilities

Each ACC campus offers support services for students with documented disabilities.  Students with disabilities who need classroom, academic or other accommodations must request them through the Office for Students with Disabilities (OSD).   Students are encouraged to request accommodations when they register for courses or at least three weeks before the start of the semester, otherwise the provision of accommodations may be delayed.  

Students who have received approval for accommodations from OSD for this course must provide the instructor with the ‘Notice of Approved Accommodations’ from OSD before accommodations will be provided.   Arrangements for academic accommodations can only be made after the instructor receives the ‘Notice of Approved Accommodations’ from the student.  

Students with approved accommodations are encouraged to submit the ‘Notice of Approved Accommodations’ to the instructor at the beginning of the semester because a reasonable amount of time may be needed to prepare and arrange for the accommodations.   

Additional information about the Office for Students with Disabilities is available athttp://www.austincc.edu/support/osd/

 

Safety Statement

Austin Community College is committed to providing a safe and healthy environment for study and work. You are expected to learn and comply with ACC environmental, health and safety procedures and agree to follow ACC safety policies. Additional information on these can be found at http://www.austincc.edu/ehs. Because some health and safety circumstances are beyond our control, we ask that you become familiar with the Emergency Procedures poster and Campus Safety Plan map in each classroom. Additional information about emergency procedures and how to sign up for ACC Emergency Alerts to be notified in the event of a serious emergency can be found at http://www.austincc.edu/emergency/.

Please note, you are expected to conduct yourself professionally with respect and courtesy to all. Anyone who thoughtlessly or intentionally jeopardizes the health or safety of another individual will be dismissed from the day’s activity, may be withdrawn from the class, and/or barred from attending future activities.

You are expected to conduct yourself professionally with respect and courtesy to all. Anyone who thoughtlessly or intentionally jeopardizes the health or safety of another individual will be immediately dismissed from the day’s activity, may be withdrawn from the class, and/or barred from attending future activities.

 

Official Biology Department Policy Concerning Student Useof Organisms in the Classroom and Laboratory:

 

 Most ACC biology classes, particularly those with laboratory components, use actual organisms during instruction in addition to images and models. ACC students generally are             preparing for real-world careers requiring workers with hands-on experience. These careers include health care, veterinary work, horticultural and agricultural work. Other students plan to transfer to four-year colleges and will be participating in biological research where hands-on experience is equally important.

 

   Organisms used at ACC are fundamental in biology instruction and they are utilized to teach specific             skills and knowledge. Their condition and usage varies from course to course. Students will be expected to actively participate in these activities. Students with particular concerns in this matter should consult with their instructor and/or departmental officials before enrolling in a laboratory course so that they can know what will be required of them.

 

Some organisms are observed alive while others are dead and preserved in various ways. Student manipulation of organisms ranges from culturing living organisms to dissecting preserved ones. Some             examples include, but are not limited to: bacterial culturing for microbiology courses; cat, pig or rat             dissection for anatomy courses; skeleton and pelt examination for field biology; and use of frogs in physiology experiments.

 

Specific safety information for each activity will be             discussed at the beginning of the activity.  For those activities that require specific safety training, a student who is late and misses the safety training will not be able to participate in the activity.  The comprehensive science safety policy can be found at: http://www.austincc.edu/sci-safe/

 

Use of ACC email

All College e-mail communication to students will be sent solely to the student’s ACCmail account, with the expectation that such communications will be read in a timely fashion. ACC will send important information and will notify you of any college related emergencies using this account.  Students should only expect to receive email communication from their instructor using this account.  Likewise, students should use their ACC mail account when communicating with instructors and staff.  Instructions for activating an ACCmail account can be found at http://www.austincc.edu/accmail/index.php.

 

Testing Center Policy

Under certain circumstances, an instructor may have students take an examination in a testing center.  Students using the Academic Testing Center must govern themselves according to the Student Guide for Use of ACC Testing Centers and should read the entire guide before going to take the exam.  To request an exam, one must have:

  • ACC Photo ID
  • Course Abbreviation (e.g., ENGL)
  • Course Number (e.g.,1301)
  • Course Synonym (e.g., 10123)
  • Course Section (e.g., 005)
  • Instructor's Name

 

Do NOT bring cell phones to the Testing Center.  Having your cell phone in the testing room, regardless of whether it is on or off, will revoke your testing privileges for the remainder of the semester.  ACC Testing Center policies can be found at http://www.austincc.edu/testctr/

 

Student and Instructional Services

ACC strives to provide exemplary support to its students and offers a broad variety of opportunities and services.  Information on these services and support systems is available at:   http://www.austincc.edu/s4/

 

Links to many student services and other information can be found at: http://www.austincc.edu/current/

 

ACC Learning Labs provide free tutoring services to all ACC students currently enrolled in the course to be tutored.  The tutor schedule for each Learning Lab may be found at:  http://www.autincc.edu/tutor/students/tutoring.php

 

 

For help setting up your ACCeID, ACC Gmail, or ACC Blackboard, see a Learning Lab Technician at any ACC Learning Lab.

Readings

 

 

 

COURSE SYLLABUS

 

BIOL  2404 Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology,  Spring 2013

 

Section

Time

Location

20718-015 Lecture

TTh 9:00am- 10:20am

PIN 710

Lab

TTh

10:30am- 11:50am

 

PIN 701

 

 

 

BIOL 2404 INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY (4-3-3). Introduction to the structure and function of the human body with an emphasis on anatomy. Designed for students in the ACC health science programs.

 

 

Instructional Methodology:  Lecture and lab.

 

Course Rationale:    This course is designed for students entering health professional programs.  It provides a foundation for the clinical topics covered in those courses by requiring mastery of factual material, laboratory techniques, and problem-solving skills

 

 

 

Contacting Instructor:            Charles Wayne                                     Office:            PIN 806

                                                Phone/message:223-8211                        e-mail: cwayne@austincc.edu

                                                Fax:  223-8900                                                website:  www.austincc.edu/cwayne

 

Office Hours:                                    (M 5:00 – 6:00, MW 12:00 – 1:15 PM, PIN 806) (TTh 12:00 – 1:30 PM, PIN                                                             806) and by appointment.

                                               

Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology Plus MasteringA&P with eText -- Access Card Package (6th Edition)                                                           

Textbook: Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, Frederic Martini (Author), Edwin                                                                                     Bartholomew (Author), 6th edition, ISBN-10: 0321786653 | ISBN-13: 978-0321786654

                                                Earlier editions such as the 4th or 5th can also be used.

 

Lab Manual:                           Recommended: A Photographic Atlas for the Anatomy and Physiology                                                                         Laboratory Seventh Edition [Loose Leaf ]    Kent M. Van De Graaff (Author),                                                             David A. Morton (Author), John L. Crawley (Author)  ISBN-10: 0895828758 |                                                             ISBN-13: 978-0895828750  Bring to every lab class. Earlier editions are okay.

 

 

Other:                                      Course Notes (available by download from www.austincc.edu/cwayne )

                                                Calculator that does basic operations and square roots

                                                Safety eyewear that meets Z87.1 standards

                                                Closed-toed shoes for lab classes using chemicals, biohazards or sharps

                                               

Rules and Attendance

 

Your performance depends heavily on your class and lab attendance. Regular attendance will improve your chances for success.  You are responsible for all materials, activities, assignments or announcements covered in class, regardless of your reason for being absent. All materials covered in lectures, textbook, handouts and assigned readings are “fair game” for lecture exams.  The exact dates of exams can be changed to accommodate changes in the syllabus or wishes of the majority of students.   Any changes will be announced ahead of time.  Keep your syllabus updated as changes are made.  There is no excuse for forgetting an important date.

 

Lecture attendance is important but will not be regularly checked or graded but will be informally monitored.  If your percent grade is within 1 point of a letter grade, your final letter grade will be determined by your attendance and participation in lecture and lab.  Experience has proven over and over again that poor attendance results in poor grades!

 

 

Preparation and Study Time

 

The course schedule indicates reading assignments for each lecture and lab period.  You are

expected to read the assigned material before coming to that day’s class or lab. 

If you want to get a good grade in this course, expect to spend about two hours studying and

reading outside of class for every hour in class.  Since you are in class 5 hour per week (lecture and lab) then you should expect to spend at least 10 to 15 hours per week studying and preparing for this class.  The most common cause of poor grades is not being able, or willing, to schedule enough study time outside of class.

 

      

                 

Lecture (70% of course grade)

 

 

There will be 4 - 5, 100 point lecture/lab exams. These tests will include material over the topics from the lecture, textbook, handouts and assigned readings. The exam may include true and false, multiple-choice, essay, fill-in-the-blank and cross-matching types of questions. All exams must be taken.  A final comprehensive exam can be taken to substitute for a test that was missed or to improve one of the tests taken.  The lecture will count for 70% of your grade.

 

Note: the Scantron machine sometimes makes mistakes, particularly when you change an            answer and do not completely erase the other choice. In order to verify these mistakes you must also write the correct answer in the space provided on the question sheet. Challenges to the machine's accuracy will not be accepted if you did not do so. You have until the next class period, after the Scantron is returned, to challenge its accuracy. 

 

 

Extra Credit

 

 

Extra Credit: A total of 10 extra points are possible for the semester: A 5 – 10 page research paper may be written to obtain a maximum of 10 lecture test points. The maximum credit per page is 1 point. The paper must have at least 5 pages. The topic must be approved by the instructor. The requirements for paper are available on Bb.

 

Lab (30% of course grade)

 

 

Lab Tests: There will be 3 - 5 lab tests.  They will be announced and may include short answer, matching, fill-in-the-blank, multiple choice or essay.  Except for the final, the lowest grade will be dropped. If you miss an exam, for any reason, this will count as the one you drop. The lab exams count for 60% of your lab grade.  The lab exams can not be made up.

 

 

Lab Assignments: During the semester there will be approximately 3 - 10 lab assignments to complete.  These consist of a take home lab exercises using Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory simulations. The lab assignments count for 20% of your lab grade.  Lab Assignments are due one week after the assignment is given. 

 

           

Lab Book and Data Sheets: The lab book data sheets and questions should be filled during lab class time and if needed, completed at home.  The lab book will be collected at the end of the semester and will be graded. If it is not turned an Incomplete will be given for the course.  The lab book data sheets count for 20% of your lab grade.  A sample lab book is available in lab class and specific instructions for making your lab book are available in Course Documents, Lab Book, Bb.

 

 

Grading:

            

COURSE GRADE: your grade for this course will be based upon your combined performance in the lecture and lab. Your lecture exam average will constitute 70% of your overall course grade; your laboratory exam average will comprise the remaining 30%.Your approximate grade can be determined at any time using the chart below and the following formula: Current grade = (current             lecture  average x 0.70) + (current lab average x 0.30)

 

Grading

 

                       

                  Final Grade                       Percent                     

 

                        A                                 90 - 100                      

                        B                                   80 - 89                      

                        C                                   70 - 79                      

                        D                                   60 - 69                      

                        F                                    60 and below            

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional Important Information

 

 

Course Policies

 

Attendance/Class Participation

Regular and punctual class and laboratory attendance is expected of all students.  If attendance or compliance with other course policies is unsatisfactory, the instructor may withdraw students from the class.

 

Withdrawal Policy

It is the responsibility of each student to ensure that his or her name is removed from the roll should he or she decide to withdraw from the class.  The instructor does, however, reserve the right to drop a student should he or she feel it is necessary.  If a student decides to withdraw, he or she should also verify that the withdrawal is submitted before the Final Withdrawal Date.  The student is also strongly encouraged to retain their copy of the withdrawal form for their records.

 

Students who enroll for the third or subsequent time in a course taken since Fall, 2002, may be charged a higher tuition rate, for that course.

 

State law permits students to withdraw from no more than six courses during their entire

undergraduate career at Texas public colleges or universities.  With certain exceptions, all course withdrawals automatically count towards this limit.  Details regarding this policy can be found in the ACC college catalog.  The last day to withdraw from a class this semester is Monday, April 22.

 

 

 

Incompletes

An instructor may award a grade of “I” (Incomplete) if a student was unable to complete all of the objectives for the passing grade in a course.  An incomplete grade cannot be carried beyond the established date in the following semester. The completion date is determined by the instructor but may not be later than the final deadline for withdrawal in the subsequent semester.

 

Statement on Scholastic Dishonesty

A student attending ACC assumes responsibility for conduct compatible with the mission of the college as an educational institution.  Students have the responsibility to submit coursework that is the result of their own thought, research, or self-expression.  Students must follow all instructions given by faculty or designated college representatives when taking examinations, placement assessments, tests, quizzes, and evaluations.  Actions constituting scholastic dishonesty include, but are not limited to, plagiarism, cheating, fabrication, collusion, and falsifying documents.    Penalties for scholastic dishonesty will depend upon the nature of the violation and may range from lowering a grade on one assignment to an “F” in the course and/or expulsion from the college.  See the Student Standards of Conduct and Disciplinary Process and other policies at http://www.austincc.edu/current/needtoknow

 
Student Rights and Responsibilities
Students at the college have the rights accorded by the U.S. Constitution to freedom of speech, peaceful assembly, petition, and association. These rights carry with them the responsibility to accord the same rights to others in the college community and not to interfere with or disrupt the educational process. Opportunity for students to examine and question pertinent data and assumptions of a given discipline, guided by the evidence of scholarly research, is appropriate in a learning environment. This concept is accompanied by an equally demanding concept of responsibility on the part of the student. As willing partners in learning, students must comply with college rules and procedures.
 
Statement on Students with Disabilities

Each ACC campus offers support services for students with documented disabilities.  Students with disabilities who need classroom, academic or other accommodations must request them through the Office for Students with Disabilities (OSD).   Students are encouraged to request accommodations when they register for courses or at least three weeks before the start of the semester, otherwise the provision of accommodations may be delayed.  

Students who have received approval for accommodations from OSD for this course must provide the instructor with the ‘Notice of Approved Accommodations’ from OSD before accommodations will be provided.   Arrangements for academic accommodations can only be made after the instructor receives the ‘Notice of Approved Accommodations’ from the student.  

Students with approved accommodations are encouraged to submit the ‘Notice of Approved Accommodations’ to the instructor at the beginning of the semester because a reasonable amount of time may be needed to prepare and arrange for the accommodations.   

Additional information about the Office for Students with Disabilities is available athttp://www.austincc.edu/support/osd/

 

Safety Statement

Austin Community College is committed to providing a safe and healthy environment for study and work. You are expected to learn and comply with ACC environmental, health and safety procedures and agree to follow ACC safety policies. Additional information on these can be found at http://www.austincc.edu/ehs. Because some health and safety circumstances are beyond our control, we ask that you become familiar with the Emergency Procedures poster and Campus Safety Plan map in each classroom. Additional information about emergency procedures and how to sign up for ACC Emergency Alerts to be notified in the event of a serious emergency can be found at http://www.austincc.edu/emergency/.

Please note, you are expected to conduct yourself professionally with respect and courtesy to all. Anyone who thoughtlessly or intentionally jeopardizes the health or safety of another individual will be dismissed from the day’s activity, may be withdrawn from the class, and/or barred from attending future activities.

You are expected to conduct yourself professionally with respect and courtesy to all. Anyone who thoughtlessly or intentionally jeopardizes the health or safety of another individual will be immediately dismissed from the day’s activity, may be withdrawn from the class, and/or barred from attending future activities.

 

Official Biology Department Policy Concerning Student Useof Organisms in the Classroom and Laboratory:

 

 Most ACC biology classes, particularly those with laboratory components, use actual organisms during instruction in addition to images and models. ACC students generally are             preparing for real-world careers requiring workers with hands-on experience. These careers include health care, veterinary work, horticultural and agricultural work. Other students plan to transfer to four-year colleges and will be participating in biological research where hands-on experience is equally important.

 

   Organisms used at ACC are fundamental in biology instruction and they are utilized to teach specific             skills and knowledge. Their condition and usage varies from course to course. Students will be expected to actively participate in these activities. Students with particular concerns in this matter should consult with their instructor and/or departmental officials before enrolling in a laboratory course so that they can know what will be required of them.

 

Some organisms are observed alive while others are dead and preserved in various ways. Student manipulation of organisms ranges from culturing living organisms to dissecting preserved ones. Some             examples include, but are not limited to: bacterial culturing for microbiology courses; cat, pig or rat             dissection for anatomy courses; skeleton and pelt examination for field biology; and use of frogs in physiology experiments.

 

Specific safety information for each activity will be             discussed at the beginning of the activity.  For those activities that require specific safety training, a student who is late and misses the safety training will not be able to participate in the activity.  The comprehensive science safety policy can be found at: http://www.austincc.edu/sci-safe/

 

Use of ACC email

All College e-mail communication to students will be sent solely to the student’s ACCmail account, with the expectation that such communications will be read in a timely fashion. ACC will send important information and will notify you of any college related emergencies using this account.  Students should only expect to receive email communication from their instructor using this account.  Likewise, students should use their ACC mail account when communicating with instructors and staff.  Instructions for activating an ACCmail account can be found at http://www.austincc.edu/accmail/index.php.

 

Testing Center Policy

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Course Subjects

 

Biology 2404: Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology

Lecture & Lab Schedule PIN (Wayne: Spring, 2013, Section 20718-015)

 

Wk

Date

  Lecture Topic                      

                                                           

Reading

Laboratory Topic            

                                              

Lab Assignments*

Supplemental Materials 

1

Jan15

 

Jan17

Introduction to Course, Course Expectations

Basic Chemistry             

Ch1

 

Ch2

L1:Terminology, Metric System

 

L2: The Microscope, Safety

 

Intro to Chem. Powerpoint1

2

Jan22

Jan24

Chemistry of Carbohydrates, Fats & Proteins

Cell Structure and Function

Ch4

 

Ch5

L3:Osmosis & Diffusion

 

L4:Tissues

 

LP

3

Jan29

Jan31

Tissues1

Skin (review online lecture)1

Ch6

 

Ch7

L5: Organs and Systems (Cat)

 

 L6:Skin

 

 

LP

4

Feb5

 

Feb7

Skeletal System (review online lecture)1

 

Lecture Exam I (chemistry, cell structure & function, tissues, skin, skeletal)

Ch7

 

Ch8

Lab Exam I (L1 – L6)

 

L7-8:Bones and Joints

 

 

LP

 

5

Feb12

 

Feb14

Muscular System2

 

Muscular System

 

Ch9

 

Ch10

L7-8:Bones and Joints

 

L9: Human Muscles

 

LP

Skeletal system

Handout

 

 

6

Feb19

 

Feb21

 

Nervous System2

         

Nervous System

Ch11

 

Ch12

L10: Cat Muscles 

 

Lab Exam II (L7 - L10)

 

 

LP

 

7

 

 

 

Feb26

 

Feb28

 

Nervous System

 

Special Senses (review online lecture)1

 

 

Ch14

L11:Nerve Tissue, Spinal Cord

 

L12: Human Brain & Sheep Brain

 

 

 

LP

 

8

 

 

 

Mar5

 

 

Mar7

Lecture Exam II (nervous, special senses)

 

 

Hematology

Ch13

 

Ch13

L13:Special Senses, Cow Eye Dissection

 

L13:Special Senses

 

 

LP

 

 

 

Mar11 – Mar15   Spring Break

 

 

 

 

9

Mar19

 

Mar21

Circulatory System2

 

Circulatory System1

Ch15

L14:Blood Typing

 

Lab Exam III  (L11 – L14)

 

            

 

 

LP

 

10

Mar26

 

 

Mar28

Circulatory System, Lymphatic System

 

 

Immune System2

Ch16

 

Ch17

L15: Sheep Heart, Cow Heart, Human Heart Models

 

L16: Major Blood Vessels (Human), Lymphatic System

 

 

 

11

Apr2

 

Apr4

Lecture Exam III (blood, circulatory, lymphatic)

 

Respiratory System2                                               

Ch18

 

Ch19

 

 L17:Major Blood Vessels (Cat)

 

L18:-ECG

                   

 

 

 

LP

Human blood Vessel Handout

 

12

Apr9

 

Apr11

Respiratory System

 

Digestive System2

Ch20

 

 

L19:Blood Pressure      

                    

L20: Lung Volumes

 

 

 

13

Apr16

 

 

Apr18

Digestive System

 

 

Lecture Exam IV(immune, respiratory, digestion)

Ch21

Lab Exam IV (L15 – L20)

 

 

L21: Respiratory System, Models and Cat

 

 

LP

 

14

Apr23

 

Apr25

Endocrine System2

 

Urinary System2

Ch22

 

 

Ch22

L22:-Digestive System:  Models and Cat           

 

L23:EndocrineOrgans

 

 

LP

 

15

Apr30

 

May2

Urinary System1

 

Reproductive System2

 

Ch23

 

Ch24

L24:Urinary System

 

L25:Reproductive System

 

 

 

LP

 

16

May7

 

May9

Reproductive System

 

Lecture Exam V (Final Exam) – endocrine, urinary, reproductive)

Ch25

Lab Review

 

Lab Exam V (L21 – L25)

 

LP

 

LP- Pictures to help with lab material provided on laptop computers

L– Lab Exercise that needs to be downloaded from cwayne@austincc.edu

 

*Lab Assignments will be given out in class, completed at home and handed in one week after assigned.

 

1Located on Blackboard.  The online lectures are considered the equivalent of in class lectures.  Test questions will be taken from the lectures and included in tests according to the schedule above.

 

2Adam Interactive Anatomy & Physiology is available at the PIN biology lab and PIN Learning Lab.

Student Learning Outcomes/Learning Objectives

 

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 1

BIOLOGY 2404 INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY COMMON COURSE OBJECTIVES

1. The common course objectives for BIOL 2404 were developed by the following committee:

Bernice Speer, Committee Chair Les Albin Meg Flemming Anne Keddy-Hector

Audrey L. Mackey Sarah Strong Steve Ziser

Input into the common course objectives was provided by: Rebecca Brock

Richard Espinoza Paige Fletcher Raja (?)

2. The objectives were written in consideration of these goals:

to define a core body of knowledge for BIOL 2404 Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology that will be covered completely in all sections of the course

to provide a description of course content for new faculty to use only the core body of knowledge for constructing an assessment final, if the

department decides to use one for BIOL 2404

to emphasize that the course content for BIOL 2404 is approximately 60-70% anatomy and 30-40% physiology

to allow instructors some flexibility in the addition of material beyond the core objectives.

to meet the needs of the ACC Allied Health Sciences programs that require BIOL 2404

to meet the needs of ACC students taking BIOL 2404 to accommodate differences in student learning styles

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 2

3. The common course objectives are divided by topic.

a. This is done for the convenience of most instructors but does not mean that the topics need to be covered in this order. The order of the topics is not linked to any particular textbook.

b. Within each major topic the objectives are subdivided into “lecture topics” and “lab topics”. You will find that some subjects are listed in both sections, and some in only one. In some cases you may decide to move a topic from lecture to lab, to move it from lab to lecture, or to cover it in both. If a topic is listed in both sections you are not required to cover it in both lecture and lab if in your judgement it is best done another way.

c.

Some of the ACC Health Science programs have requested more coverage of certain physiology topics. These topics will be marked with an *.

Within the “lecture topics” lists, some items require more thorough coverage, and others only a brief overview. These suggestions are made to help instructors manage the material so that everything can be covered in one semester. Please remember this is an introductory course. If students need more thorough coverage of these topics, they should take Human Anatomy and Human Physiology.

4. All campuses will adopt whole animal dissection in lab, specifically to illustrate the individual variations between organisms and to demonstrate certain concepts that cannot be adequately seen on models (such as mesenteries and fascia between adjacent muscles).

Dissection is a skill required in subsequent classes and programs. In order to adequately prepare our students, students will do the dissections. At their discretion, instructors may provide additional dissections as demonstrations. The official Biology Department policy concerning student use of organisms in the classroom and laboratory can be found at:

http://www.austincc.edu/biology/organismspolicy.html

The following is a list of structures that students should identify on a dissected animal. The items on this list also appear along with the related lab topics below and are included here for easy reference.

List of structures that students will locate through the dissection of a whole animal (cat, fetal pig, rat):

thoracic cavity abdominopelvic cavity parietal pericardium visceral pericardium parietal pleura

Final Version

May 6, 2004

page 3

visceral pleura parietal peritoneum visceral peritoneum

heart aorta: arch. abdominal common carotid artery anterior and posterior vena cava

thymus spleen

larynx trachea lungs diaphragm

esophagus stomach small intestine large intestine greater omentum pancreas mesentery

liver gall bladder if present in species dissected

kidney ureter urinary bladder

ovaries testes

5. Since the particular inventory of prepared microscope slides and models may differ from campus to campus, instructors should provide additional guidance concerning which models to use and which slides to use for identifying histological structures (example: whole mount vs. cross section of simple squamous epithelium)

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 4

Introduction to the Human Body

Lecture topics

Define, compare and contrast anatomy and physiology Hierarchy of organization and relationship between levels: atoms, molecules, cells,

tissues, organs, organ system, organism Summary of organ systems and their major functions Homeostasis Anatomical position Planes of section Directional terms Body planes and sections Body cavities and their subdivisions and membranes; major organs found in each

Lab topics

Describe anatomical position

Define and be able to use the terms of body orientation and position: superior/inferior

anterior/posterior medial/lateral dorsal/ventral proximal/distal superficial/deep

Define and be able to use the terms of body surface anatomy: oral

orbital cervical thoracic axillary brachial antecubital abdominal inguinal femoral patellar popliteal occipital lumbar gluteal calcaneal

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 5

Define and be able to identify the body planes and sections: sagittal

frontal transverse

Define, be able to identify and name the organs in the body cavities: dorsal

cranial spinal ventral thoracic abdominopelvic abdominal pelvic

Define and be able to identify the serous membranes of the body cavities: pericardium (visceral and parietal) pleura (visceral and parietal) peritoneum (visceral and parietal)

Identify the body cavities on a torso model or diagram

Identify these structures through dissection of a whole animal (cat, fetal pig, rat): thoracic cavity

abdominopelvic cavity parietal pericardium visceral pericardium parietal pleura visceral pleura parietal peritoneum visceral peritoneum

Basic Chemistry

Lecture topics

Define and give examples of: atoms, molecules, ions, electrolytes Common chemical symbols: O, C, H, N, Ca, K, Na, Cl Inorganic substances: water, salt, acids and bases pH

The four types of biomolecules, their functions, monomers and polymers Enzymes: basic function

Lab topics

Simple lab demonstrating pH and buffers

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 6

Cells

Lecture topics

Overview of general cell structures (nucleus, cytosol, organelles, membrane) and their basic functions

Discussion of structure and function of plasma membrane Membrane transport: diffusion, osmosis (including tonicity), facilitated diffusion, active

transport (primary and secondary), vesicular transport Resting membrane potential

Lab topics

Identify the parts of a compound light microscope

Demonstrate correct care and usage of microscopes and slides

Using models or diagrams, identify these cell components: plasma membrane

cytosol nucleus nuclear envelope mitochondrion ribosome smooth endoplasmic reticulum rough endoplasmic reticulum Golgi apparatus

Identify these cell components on microscope slides (such as thyroid or blood) plasma membrane

cytosol nucleus

Simple lab demonstrating diffusion and osmosis

Tissues

Lecture topics

Tissue: definition Extracellular matrix and interstitial fluid: description and functions Four basic tissue types: general descriptions, functions

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 7

Skin and Body Membranes

Lecture topics

Functions of the integumentary system Structure of the skin Accessory structures of the skin: structures and functions Classifications of membranes Normal skin pigmentation

Lab topics

Identify these structures on a skin model or diagram: epidermis: stratum basale, stratum spinosum, stratum granulosum, stratum

lucidum, stratum corneum dermis: papillary layer, reticular layer hypodermis sebaceous glands sudoriferous glands: apocrine and eccrine hair hair follicle blood vessels arrector pili

Identify the locations of these types of membranes on models or diagrams: mucous

synovial serous

Skeletal System

Lecture topics

Functions of the skeletal system Classification of bones Structure of a typical long bone Types of bone cells and their functions Overview of bone growth and remodeling (minimal coverage) Organization of skeletal system: axial and appendicular Joints: Structural and functional classification

Structure of a typical synovial joint Types of synovial joints Terms for descriptions of movements

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 8

Lab topics

Identify these structures on a histology model of compact bone tissue: osteon

central canal lamellae osteocytes in lacunae

Identify these parts of a typical long bone: diaphysis

epiphysis periosteum articular surface medullary cavity endosteum compact bone spongy bone

Identify these bones and markings of the skull: frontal bone

parietal bone temporal bone: external auditory meatus, mastoid process occipital bone: foramen magnum, occipital condyles sphenoid bone: sella turcica ethmoid bone: crista galli, cribriform plate, perpendicular plate sutures: sagittal, coronal, squamous, lambdoidal mandible maxilla palatine bone zygomatic bone lacrimal bone nasal bone vomer paranasal sinuses: frontal, maxillary, ethmoid, sphenoid hyoid bone

locate and be able to identify these bones and markings of the vertebral column: individual vertebra: body, vertebral foramen, processes, intervertebral foramen specific vertebrae: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx atlas

axis: dens/odontoid process

locate and be able to identify these bones and markings of the bony thorax: sternum: manubrium, body or gladiolus, xiphoid process ribs: vertebrosternal, vertebrochondral, vertebral (floating)

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 9

locate and be able to identify these bones and markings of the shoulder girdle: clavicle

scapula: acromion process, coracoid process, glenoid cavity (fossa); spine

locate and be able to identify these bones and markings of the arm: humerus: head

radius ulna carpals metacarpals phalanges

locate and be able to identify these bones and markings of the pelvic girdle: os coxa/coxal bone/innominate bone: acetabulum, obturator foramen, true

pelvis, false pelvis

locate and be able to identify these bones and markings of the leg: femur: head, neck

tibia: tibial tuberosity fibula patella tarsals

metatarsals phalanges

Identify these parts of a knee joint on models or diagrams: articular capsule

medial and lateral menisci anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments tibial and fibular collateral ligaments patellar ligament articular cartilages tendon of quadriceps femoris

Muscular System

Lecture topics

Functions of the muscular system Types of muscle tissue (skeletal, cardiac, smooth) Microscopic anatomy of skeletal muscle fiber: myofibril, sarcomere, actin, myosin, thick

and thin filaments Neuromuscular Junction

Overview of sliding filament mechanism – role of thick and thin filaments but not regulatory proteins

Gross anatomy of skeletal muscle: insertion, origin, attachments Interactions of skeletal muscles

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 10

Lab topics

Identify these parts of a skeletal muscle: tendon

fibrous connective tissue coverings

Identify these parts on the muscle cell model or diagram: sarcolemma

motor end plate myofibril sarcomere

Identify these human muscles on models or diagrams: orbicularis oculi

orbicularis oris sternocleidomastoid trapezius deltoid

latissimus dorsi pectoralis major biceps brachii triceps brachii diaphragm external intercostals internal intercostals external oblique internal oblique transversus abdominis rectus abdominis gluteus medius gluteus maximus semitendinosus semimembranosus vastus lateralis

vastus medialis vastus intermedius rectus femoris biceps femoris gastrocnemius

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 11

Nervous System

Lecture topics

Functions of the nervous system Organization of the nervous system Nerve tissue and nerve cell types Structure of a typical neuron Structure of a chemical synapse Neurotransmitters*

Postsynaptic receptors* Gated channels* Neurophysiology: action potentials*

Brain: Gross anatomy, structure and functions of major brain regions Spinal cord: Gross anatomy, general structure and function Overview of protection of CNS: meninges and CSF Types of nerves: sensory and mixed

Structure of a typical nerve Cranial nerves: name, number, and brief functions Spinal nerves: organized by region of spinal cord, dorsal root, ventral root Overview of spinal nerve plexuses Motor output: somatic vs. autonomic structures – structure, effectors, control Divisions of ANS: Compare and contrast the structure and functions of the sympathetic

and parasympathetic nervous systems * Effect of each division of ANS on major organs

Sensory input: Sensory structures, classification by function, structure, and stimulus Structure and function of the organs of the special senses Anatomy of the eye, including structure and brief functions Overview of function of rods, cones, cornea and lens

Afferent pathway of vision Anatomy and function of the ear Overview of mechanism of hearing (minimal coverage) Overview of mechanisms of equilibrium (minimal coverage) Overview of olfaction and taste – location and stimuli

Lab topics

Identify these structures on neuron models or diagrams: axon

Schwann cell myelin sheath dendrite synaptic knob/axon terminal cell body

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 12

Identify these structures on brain models or diagrams: cerebral hemisphere

longitudinal fissure olfactory bulbs olfactory tracts optic nerves

optic chiasma optic tracts pituitary gland pons midbrain corpora quadrigemina medulla oblongata cerebellum

corpus callosum thalamus hypothalamus pineal body lateral ventricles third ventricle fourth ventricle cerebral aqueduct interventricular foramen

Locate and identify these structures through dissection of a sheep brain: cerebrum

cerebral hemispheres cerebellum medulla oblongata spinal cord

olfactory bulbs optic nerve optic chiasma optic tracts pons

pineal body corpora quadrigemina corpus callosum thalamus hypothalamus third ventricle fourth ventricle

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 13

Identify these structures on spinal cord models or diagrams: gray horns: anterior, lateral, posterior white columns: anterior, lateral, posterior dorsal root

dorsal root ganglion ventral root spinal nerve meninges: dura mater, arachnoid, pia mater epidural space filled with fat

central canal

Identify these structures on human eye models or diagrams lacrimal gland

conjunctiva extrinsic eye muscles sclera cornea choroid iris pupil ciliary muscle suspensory ligaments/zonule lens retina optic disc optic nerve fovea centralis vitreous humor aqueous humor anterior segment posterior segment

Locate and identify these structures through dissection of a sheep or cow eyeball: sclera

cornea iris pupil optic nerve lens

retina optic disc

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 14

Locate these structures on models or diagrams of the ear, cochlea, and ossicles: outer ear

pinna external auditory canal tympanic membrane middle ear ossicles: malleus, incus, stapes auditory (eustachian) tube round window oval window inner ear cochlea cochlear duct organ of Corti: basilar membrane, tectorial membrane, hair cells vestibule semicircular canals and ducts

Endocrine System

Lecture topics

Functions of the endocrine system Chemical classification of hormones For the glands listed, identify the location, basic structure, hormones produced and

general function of the hormones. hypothalamus

pituitary gland thyroid gland parathyroid glands adrenal gland (by general classes) pancreatic islets

Anatomical and functional relationship of the hypothalamus and the anterior pituitary * Anatomical and functional relationship of hypothalamus and posterior pituitary. * Role of tropic hormones in controlling other endocrine glands *

NOTE to instructor: cover at least one endocrine disorder.

Lab topics

Identify these glands on model or diagrams: pituitary (hypophysis)

anterior pituitary (adenohypophysis) posterior pituitary (neurohypophysis) thyroid

Final Version

May 6, 2004

page 15

Blood

parathyroid adrenal adrenal cortex adrenal medulla pancreas ovaries

testes pineal body

Lecture topics

General functions of blood Physical characteristics and volume Plasma composition Erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets (including granulocytes and agranulocytes) Overview of hematopoiesis (minimal coverage) Overview of hemostasis (minimal coverage)

Lab topics

Identify these structure on a slide of human blood: erythrocytes

leukocytes: lymphocytes, monocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils thrombocytes

Blood typing lab with discussion of blood groups (ABO and Rh)

Cardiovascular System

Lecture topics

Functions of the cardiovascular system Anatomy of the heart Pathway of Blood Flow through the Heart Pacemakers and how this relates to the heart conduction system * Myocardial action potentials and how this relates to cardiac contraction * Explain the conduction system

Overview of EKG, cardiac cycle, heart sounds Define cardiac output, stroke volume and heart rate. Explain the relationship between

each. Be able to discuss preload and afterload concepts. Explain Starling’s Law of the Heart. **

Arteries, veins, and capillaries: Structure and function

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 16

Histology of blood vessels Pulmonary Circulation: major arteries and veins Systemic Circulation: major arteries and veins; circle of Willis, hepatic portal system

(emphasis upon the function of the hepatic portal system) Blood pressure and how it is measured Brief overview of vasomotor control and differential distribution of blood flow

Lab topics

Identify these structures on heart models or diagrams: atria - right and left

ventricles - right and left heart wall: epicardium, myocardium, endocardium fossa ovalis interventricular septum apex bicuspid valve tricuspid valve aortic semilunar valve pulmonary semilunar valve aorta pulmonary trunk pulmonary veins vena cavae: superior and inferior coronary arteries (right and left)

Locate and identify these structures through dissection of a sheep heart: atria - right and left

ventricles - right and left heart wall: epicardium, myocardium, endocardium interventricular septum apex

Identify these arteries on torso models or diagrams and know the major areas of the body supplied by each artery:

aorta: ascending, arch, thoracic, abdominal brachiocephalic common carotid, internal carotid, external carotid subclavian

axillary brachial radial celiac trunk hepatic splenic

Final Version

May 6, 2004

page 17

left gastric superior mesenteric inferior mesenteric renal common iliac external iliac femoral popliteal anterior and posterior tibial dorsalis pedis

Identify these veins on the circulatory and torso model or diagrams and know the major areas of the body drained by each vein:

superior vena cava brachiocephalic jugular, internal and external subclavian axillary cephalic brachial basilic median cubital inferior vena cava hepatic hepatic portal renal common iliac internal iliac external iliac femoral popliteal tibial: anterior and posterior greater saphenous

Identify the vessels of the pulmonary circuit on models or diagrams: pulmonary arteries

pulmonary veins

Locate and identify these structures through dissection of a whole animal (cat, fetal pig,

rat):

heart aorta: arch. abdominal common carotid artery anterior and posterior vena cava

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 18

Lymphatic System

Lecture topics

Functions of the lymphatic system Lymphatic vessels and concept of lymphatic drainage area Production, function, and transport of lymph Lymph nodes and other lymphoid organs: Structure and function

Lab topics

Identify these structures on models or diagrams: tonsils: pharyngeal, palatine, lingual spleen lymph node

Locate and identify these structures through dissection of a whole animal (cat, fetal pig,

rat):

thymus spleen

Respiratory System

Lecture topics

Functions of the respiratory system Organs of the respiratory system: structure and functions of each Cells of alveoli: Type I, Type II, alveolar macrophages * Relationship of pulmonary capillaries and alveoli * Define cellular respiration Gas exchange * Gas transport * Overview of mechanics of breathing Factors affecting pulmonary ventilation Lung function measurements: tidal volume, inspiratory reserve volume, expiratory

reserve volume, vital capacity * Lab topics

Identify these structures on models or diagrams: external nares

nasal cavity pharynx: nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynx epiglottis glottis

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 19

larynx laryngeal cartilages: thyroid, cricoid trachea bronchi: primary, secondary, tertiary bronchioles alveoli pleura: visceral and parietal left and right lungs

Locate and identify these structures through dissection of a whole animal (cat, fetal pig,

rat):

larynx trachea lungs diaphragm

Digestive System

Lecture topics

Functions of the digestive system GI tract: structure and functions of organs Accessory organs: Structure and function Digestive processes and where they occur

Lab topics

Identify these structures on models or diagrams: oral cavity

salivary glands: parotid, submandibular, sublingual palate: hard and soft esophagus stomach: cardiac/gastroesophageal sphincter, pyloric sphincter, rugae liver: hepatic ducts (right, left and common),

gall bladder: cystic duct common bile duct pancreas: pancreatic duct small intestine: duodenum, jejunum, ileum ileocecal valve

large intestine: cecum, appendix, ascending, transverse, descending, sigmoid, rectum anus peritoneum: visceral, parietal, mesentery, greater omentum

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 20

Locate and identify these structures through dissection of a whole animal (cat, fetal pig,

rat):

esophagus stomach small intestine large intestine greater omentum pancreas mesentery

liver gall bladder if present in species dissected

Urinary System

Lecture topics

Functions of the urinary system Organs of the urinary system: structure and functions of each Structure of the nephron Overview of urine production: filtration, reabsorption, secretion Overview of regulation of water and electrolytes (Na, K, Cl) * Connection between adequate cardiac output and proper renal function * Renin-angiotensin mechanism and role of ACE * Path of blood through the kidney

Lab topics

Identify these structures on models or diagrams: kidney: cortex, medulla, renal pyramids, pelvis, hilus, calyx nephron: glomerular (Bowman's) capsule, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of ureter Henle/loop of the nephron, distal convoluted tubule, collecting tubule

urinary bladder urethra blood supply: renal arteries and veins, afferent arterioles, glomerular capillaries,

efferent arteriole, peritubular capillaries, vasa recta

Locate and identify these structures through dissection of a whole animal (cat, fetal pig,

rat):

kidney ureter urinary bladder

Final Version May 6, 2004 page 21

Reproductive System

Lecture topics

Organs of the male reproductive system: structure and functions of each Overview of hormonal regulation of male reproduction Organs of the female reproductive system: structure and functions of each Overview of ovarian cycle including hormonal regulation

Overview of uterine cycle

Lab topics

Identify these structures on models or diagrams:

male reproductive structures testes* (singular = testis)

scrotum epididymis* ductus (vas) deferens* ejaculatory duct urethra seminal vesicles prostate bulbourethral glands penis corpus spongiosum glans penis corpora cavernosa prepuce

female reproductive structures ovaries

oviducts (uterine tubes or fallopian tubes): fimbriae uterus: fundus, body, cervix, endometrium, myometrium vagina labia majora labia minora vestibule clitoris

Locate and identify these structures through dissection of a whole animal (cat, fetal pig,

rat):

testes ovaries